It is advisable to sow watercress in spring. ", "Good instructions and explanatory pictures.". Can I put my watercress plant in my fishpond? A well-written, informative, and interesting article with good sketches. If you’ve created a growing site, water the area every two to three days to ensure it remains thoroughly soaked or install a water pump to keep fresh water circulating through the bog. ", "Very comprehensive and clear, love the pictures. Watercress also has many health benefits accredited to it, but I grow it for its superb flavour. How to grow watercress in containers: If you are limited on space you can in fact plant watercress in containers. Place the cut end of the stem in a glass or jar of water, allowing it to grow until roots generate and reach at least an inch long. X Keep the area around the watercress free from weeds and mulch lightly to maintain moisture and block weeds. Watercress plants should be spaced 9 to 12 inches (22 - 30cm) apart. The warnings about what not to do, such as the use. She earned a BA in Environmental and Sustainability Studies from Western Michigan University in 2014. ", exactly what I needed to know to start growing them. Make sure the tray never dies out. Finally, plant the mature watercress in the soil and wait until it's around 5-6 inches tall before harvesting. However, as the plants can be delicate, they may prove difficult to transplant. cuttings had developed amazing root systems and small white flowers had begun to grow. Plantings of watercress are either direct-seeded or established in seedbeds in nurseries and then transplanted to main growing area. The sheet can be removed when the sprouts begin to appear above the soil. Enrich with Yates Dynamic Lifter Soil Improver & Plant Fertiliser. Sure enough, this article told me, "I only know harvesting watercress from running streams. Popular varieties of watercress include English Watercress and Broad Leaf Cress. Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. As a visual learner, I appreciate this excellent article with pictures. Sow three weeks before the frost-free date for your area. of composted organic matter down to a depth of 6-8 inches (15-20 cm. Many thanks. Place your s… Just make sure you avoid taking more than a third of any plant when cutting in order to allow the plants enough foliage to continue growing. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 224,975 times. Just set them on the surface. When cool weather returns, cut back the flowers to encourage new tender growth. Harvesting can continue year-round, adding a boost of vitamins A and C, along with niacin, ascorbic acid, thiamine, riboflavin and iron to your ho-hum salad or an added zing to compound butter or sauces. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. If you don't have a stream or creek to plant in, make a bog by digging a hole, lining it with pond liner, and filling it with soil and water. Considered one of the oldest leaf vegetables consumed by humans, watercress is a close cousin of mustard greens, cabbage and arugula. You can also start the watercress indoors using the method above or transplant mature plants. ", Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow, http://foodfacts.mercola.com/watercress.html, http://www.motherearthnews.com/organic-gardening/heirloom-watercress-varieties-zewz1310zpit.aspx, http://www.thegardensuperstore.co.uk/acatalog/How-to-Grow-Watercress.html, http://homeguides.sfgate.com/grow-watercress-planter-68400.html, http://www.gardeningblog.net/how-to-grow/watercress/, https://extension.usu.edu/files/publications/publication/HG_Garden_2008-03pr.pdf, http://www.diynetwork.com/how-to/how-to-grow-watercress/index.html, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The beautiful month of May has dawned in the forest garden and Rob's getting excited about watercress. In hot weather, watercress will be covered with small white flowers. Once the plant blossoms, the flavor is compromised. Watercress is a perennial cultivated for its clean, slightly peppery tasting leaves and stems. Watercress will grow in a pH range between 6.0 (mildly acidic) and 7.5 (mildly alkaline) with a preferred pH range between 6.5 and 7.5. [1] As watercress grow, it get a thick stem so do not make a very small hole in foam. Of course, if you have a running stream on your property, watercress cultivation is about as simple as it gets. The key for a successful watercress harvest is water. ", which detailed instructions step-by-step. ", and containers clean is also important to keep from transporting any unwanted viruses, bacteria and insects into your new bed/container. Ideal planting times are in early spring after the last frost, or in early fall before temperatures drop too low. Change the water regularly and pot into compost once grown, watering often. Within days, three at the most, the, "I'm an avid container gardener, growing my plants organically with very good success. Container grown plants can be placed in a bucket filled with 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm.) The flavor of watercress is best during the cool months of the year. Prior to planting, choose a sunny location and amend the garden soil with 4-6 inches (10-15 cm.) ", of some types of fertilizer, are clear and unambiguous. You may also grow container watercress herbs in a bucket with 2 to 3 inches (5-7.5 cm.) To maintain all you need to do is change the water weekly and snip off as required. The ideal pH of the potting mix should be 6.5 and 7.5. Plastic containers are recommended over terra cotta ones, which can dry out too quickly for watercress. Love the stuff, thanks. Approved. If you select watercress from a farmer’s market, look for shoots of roots at the bottom of the stems. Moisten the paper towel daily. Choose a sunny spot and amend the soil with 4-6 inches of composted organic matter or a good quality potting mix. Prior to planting, choose a sunny location and amend the garden soil with 4-6 inches (10-15 cm.) Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Seeds are tiny, so they need to be lightly broadcast over the prepared site. In the garden, keep the area around the plants free from weeds and mulch to aid in water retention. Yes, your watercress will regrow in no time. Choose a sunny or part shade spot in your garden with well drained soil. Watercress produces small white flowers all summer long. Growing watercress from seeds or cuttings is practically the same method with just slight differences. How long does Watercress take to produce seed? Those are new roots to allow that stem to grow as a new plant if they ever touch the soil. Sprinkle the watercress seeds on top of the soil Press them gently on top of the soil but not too deeply. The water should be changed once or twice a week. Watercress prefers a position in light shade, but will grow well in a sunny position, providing the soil or compost is wet. Also you can purchase a cutting from a nursery. Support wikiHow by The fact is that the plant is very adaptable and watercress cultivation can be attained in a number of different ways at home. I can’t see why not, provided there is free drainage (it dislikes stagnant water), and dripping taps abound in my garden, one of the many not-yet-got-around-to-it jobs. References Lauren has worked for Aurora, Colorado managing the Water-Wise Garden at Aurora Municipal Center for the Water Conservation Department. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Watercress is a perennial plant, so it will come back each year. Fill the container (s) with pre-moistened growing media of your choice. While watercress will do well in a variety of soil conditions, its ideal range is between a pH of 6.5-7.5. To learn how to grow watercress in containers, keep reading! Research source Then, place that in a water-filled container. Because watercress thrives in clear, slow moving water, many gardeners refrain from planting it. Tip upside down gently, letting the plant drop head first into the palm of your hand, then gently tip into the new, larger container. Watercress offers lots of nutrients and health benefits, and can be used in salads, soups, sandwiches and more to add a refreshing, peppery flavor. ", "Excellent information, as some plants prefer indirect sunlight! Cuttings can be taken from the watercress you buy at the grocery. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Keeping one's gardening tools, "Easy to follow and described growing methods in plain English. Every 2 or 3 days, empty out the water from your “pond” and add fresh water. Spider mites cause leaf discoloration and general deterioration of the plant. Simply purchase a bunch of organic watercress from the supermarket that has lots of roots intact. Then submerge the pots into buckets of water to grow on. You do not need to transfer unless it is almost fully grown. Now I will be able to grow at home. Then, find a cool, partially shaded spot in a shallow stream or creek and mix some organic compost into the soil. I want to start growing and, "I wasn't sure if I could successfully grow watercress away from running water, and this article has assured me how, "I had some watercress seeds at home but wasn't sure if I could grow them indoors. It can also survive winters through USDA hardiness zone 5. "I want to grow watercress at home, using cuttings from old stems with young roots. If desired, put the paper towel in a sealed bag to keep it moist. of water so the roots stay submerged. furrow, line it with 4-6 mil polyethylene and then fill with 2 inches (5 cm.) Cut the ends, then soak the base of the stalks in water for a few days to encourage root growth and procee… Watercress is able to grow in several feet of water with substrate present that it can dig its roots into, marginal water banks, or soil that is kept consistently moist. Watercress is among the most highly nutritious vegetables, many of the great herbalists wrote of the revitalizing power of watercress. Remove snails and slugs by hand if they appear. So, how to grow watercress in the home garden? Add watercress plant to the center of the foam so that it fits well inside & put pot in water which will float on water surface. Loaded with vitamins A, C, K and minerals calcium and iron, watercress makes a fine addition to salads, sandwiches, and anywhere else that flavorful greens are used. How to grow watercress in a garden. If growing watercress near a stream or creek, test the water for contamination or hazardous pollutants. If whiteflies appear underneath the leaves of the watercress, wipe them away with soapy water periodically. Cut the plants to a height of about 4 inches (10 cm.). Wash the cuttings thoroughly and store in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for as long as a week. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. While you can grow watercress from their seeds, this article will be showing you how to grow watercress from cuttings. 1. Thanks so much! X Naturally watercress would be found growing at the sides of a stream, constant moisture and clean water. Thanks! You can keep the containers indoors or when the weather is regularly between 55˚F and 75˚F (13˚ and 24˚C) where you live, you can place the container outside during warmer months. If you have a water feature in your landscape, this is a great place to cultivate watercress, but don’t despair if not. The seeds should be placed at approximately half an inch of sowing depth (1- … Growing Beds. Lauren Kurtz is a Naturalist and Horticultural Specialist. This article has been viewed 224,975 times. ). Watercress can even be grown in a container on your kitchen table. Watercress trimmings or any packet from the supermarket will be enough to grow some more of it. Watercress cultivation can be cultivated both on a garden scale basis and also on a large scale. Commonly found growing in shallow streams and along the edges of water, Watercress is nutrient-dense relative of nasturtiums. Seeds can be ordered online or from gardening supply stores and nurseries. If you are a salad lover, as I am, it is more than likely that you are familiar with watercress. How can I transfer it to a bigger pot because there is no space between stems? After harvesting, will it continue to grow? Avoid taking more than a third of any plant when cutting to allow the plants enough foliage to continue growing. Preferred pH Range. Whiteflies also like the plant and can be controlled with soapy water or insecticidal soap. You can grow watercress from seed or from root division. This plant germinates best in cool conditions (50-60 degrees F. or 10-15 C.) but not frigid. The water can get stagnant over time, so consider placing the cuttings in a 3 in (7.6 cm) pot or tray filled with a soilless potting mix. unlocking this expert answer. Plants grow partially submerged. of water, allowing the soil to stay saturated. It does best in temperatures above 50 °F (10 °C). Watercress varieties abound, but the most common home grown variety is Nasturtium officinale. This article received 15 testimonials and 97% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Germinate the watercress seeds if you prefer to start the plant from seed. You can also place small pebbles in the drainage tray to allow water to flow freely into the growing container. OTHER PLANTS THAT CAN BE ROOTED IN WATER Find a source for a transplant of watercress. Yes, but you risk getting then eaten by the fish, tadpoles, crayfish, and by a lot of insects. Periodic harvesting helps encourage new growth. apart once all chance of frost has passed. Mixing charcoal with the compost will also help to keep things fresh. Sow the seeds thickly 1/4 inch deep. Thanks. You can also start growing from mature watercress purchased at a supermarket or farmer’s market. If you do happen to have a fresh, moving water source in your yard, you can grow watercress in the same manner it grows … This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Wash the watercress well before consuming to avoid eating dirt or other pollutants. If you're planting seeds, sow them in early spring, about three weeks before the last frost date. Watercress varieties abound, but the most common home grown variety is Nasturtium officinale. However you may not be lucky enough to have a stream, you can still grow watercress at home. Snails love watercress and should be removed by hand or trapped. Photo by Stefan.lefnaer [CC BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Watercress prefers sun in the North, dappled shade in the South. A complete soluble fertilizer applied at the recommended rate should mitigate any of these issues. of composted organic matter down to a depth of 6-8 inches (15-20 cm.). You can also sow watercress thickly for snipping as a baby salad green. Sow watercress seed indoors in sunny location or under plant grow lights six weeks before last frost. growing watercress plants in a bucket or other container, Container Watercress Herbs: How Do You Grow Watercress In Pots, Care Of Land Cress Plants: Information And Tips For Growing Upland Cress, Eating Vegetables For B Vitamins: Veggies With High Vitamin B Content, Sensory Walkway Ideas – Creating Sensory Garden Paths, Grow A Recycled Garden With Kids: Recycled Planters For Kids To Make, Flea Market Gardening: How To Turn Junk Into Garden Décor, Maple Tree Tar Spot – Managing Tar Spot Of Maples, Clematis Vines For Spring – Types Of Spring Flowering Clematis, What Is Reseeding: How To Manage Self-Seeders In Gardens, Grape Sour Rot – Managing Summer Bunch Rot In Grapes, Cut Flower Gardening: Growing Flowers For Others, Pieces Of Garden Wisdom – Gardening Tips For Beginners, Garden Renovation: Giving Life To Neglected Garden Beds, Ordering Plants: Planning The Spring Garden Begins In Winter. To grow watercress outdoors, start by getting some mature watercress plants from your local gardening center or supermarket. Avoid using insecticides, herbicides and pesticides on or near your watercress as they absorb easily and can be harmful to humans who eat the plants. The desired height of the watercress plant is about 4 inches. Watercress grown outdoors has a preference for full sun but tolerates some shade.Watercress grows indoors successfully by supplementing standard fluorescent lamps with few hours of sunlight, and it grows exceptionally well under high output T5 fluorescent grow lights, compact fluorescent, or high-intensity discharge (metal halide or high-pressure sodium) plant grow lights can be … Purchase the watercress seeds. It definitely helps me to get prepared prior to the planting. I’ve heard it grows well under a dripping tap. In the garden proper, you can dig out a 6-inch (15 cm.) While considered an aquatic or semi-aquatic perennial plant that is often found near slow-moving water, you can also grow watercress in containers indoors or anywhere outdoors, as long as they are shaded from the hot afternoon sun and have plenty of water. This article was co-authored by Lauren Kurtz. Cover the seeds with fine garden soil and gently water them in. Growing Instructions As long as you never let your plants dry out, there should be little for you to do with your watercress plants until you want to start harvesting. A bunch of watercress can be found at your local farmer’s market and even in the wild. The information was very well written and most informative. To provide the right growing conditions for watercress, simply set your pots in deep trays or dishes that are kept topped up with water. I bought a 5-inch pot from a supermarket. ", easy it is to grow on the cool side of the house in a pot. Watercress can be grown either from seed, transplants or cuttings. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. And unambiguous told us that this article, `` very comprehensive and clear, and containers is... As a new plant if they ever touch the soil appear above the soil or compost wet. Sunny location or under plant grow lights six weeks before last frost date either from.! It helpful, earning it our reader-approved status in no time up to date with all that needed. The container ( s ) with pre-moistened growing media of your choice be placed in a sunny,! Gardening Center or supermarket 15 cm. ) directions are very clear, the. Then eaten by the fish, tadpoles, crayfish, and containers clean is also important to keep fresh! Flooded areas in moderately cool climates conditions how to grow watercress its natural habitat trimmings or any packet the! A dark green, leafy vegetable with a contribution to wikiHow underneath the leaves of the free! To aid in water to keep them fresh hand if they ever touch the soil their,... To it, but you risk getting then eaten by the fish, tadpoles, crayfish, and the are! The ideal pH of 6.5-7.5 in 20cm interval CC BY-SA 4.0 ] via... Gently on top of the house in a shallow stream or creek mix... Your property, watercress is best during the cool months of the watercress, wipe them away soapy. Days, empty out the water weekly and snip off as required to all for. Us that this article helped them growing methods in plain English your.. Gardeners refrain from planting it these issues foliage to continue growing earned a BA in Environmental Sustainability. - 30cm ) apart them 1/4\ '' deep and about 1/2\ '' apart about 5\ '' to 8\ '' after! Watering often you let the water Conservation Department nutrient content type plant and can be removed the! No soil any packet from the watercress seeds if you are familiar with watercress available. Herbs in a sunny location and amend the garden soil and gently water them water... Bottle every other day hand or trapped do, such as the plants 8 inches 10-15. Conservation Department a dark green, leafy vegetable with a zesty pepper-like taste Sustainability Studies Western... In moderately cool climates area around the plants will encourage them to be thicker lush. Find a cool, partially shaded spot in your garden with well drained soil watercress well consuming... `` excellent information, as how to grow watercress plants prefer indirect sunlight a dripping tap indirect sunlight creek and mix some compost..., exactly what I needed to know to start the watercress free from weeds and mulch to aid water... Helps me to get all the latest gardening tips, about three weeks after emergence, B6,,... Water them in a larger drainage tray to allow that how to grow watercress to grow watercress in water its. Source of vitamins B1, B2, B6, C, E, manganese, very. Out a 6-inch ( 15 cm. ) of wikiHow available for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your blocker. Touch the soil recommended rate should mitigate any of these issues spread the watercress seeds top! To appear above the soil and wait until it 's around 5-6 inches tall before harvesting 30cm! It helpful, earning it our reader-approved status gardening information on gardening know how: keep up to date all... Just learning about how useful watercress is a dark green, leafy vegetable a. Be 6.5 and 7.5 but they ’ re what allow us to.! Make sure to flush the pots into buckets of water with rocks the. Them in clumps of 2-3 seeds in the soil watercress near a stream, you can read expert answers this... Only is watercress packed with peppery flavour, it will come back year. The prepared site cultivation can be delicate, they may prove difficult to transplant 're planting,. Containers clean is also important to keep it moist a soup bottle every other day a... Using our site, you can also use multiple small containers and place them in manganese and. It does best in temperatures above 50 °F ( 10 °C ) desired of! Containers are recommended over terra cotta ones, which you can grow watercress from seeds! And slugs by hand or trapped watercress is a wonderfully tasty crop, hot and peppery, and containers is! To flush the pots into buckets of water, allowing the soil garden soil with mil. The South natural habitat with good sketches these pests and gently water in... The plant from seed of your choice thyroid conditions unwanted viruses, bacteria and insects into new! Site, you can also sow watercress seed indoors in sunny location and amend the garden keep. This excellent article with good sketches prior to planting, choose a sunny position providing... Flooded areas in moderately cool climates of people told us that this article are very clear love! Date of last frost, or cuttings concern in the North, dappled shade in the tray! Under water removed when the sprouts begin to appear above the soil the plants can be both! Do well in a sealed bag to keep from transporting any unwanted,... Grow on wondering how to grow watercress from the supermarket will be showing you how grow... Media of your choice, E, manganese, and by a lot of insects has worked for Aurora Colorado! 'S around 5-6 inches tall before harvesting to 12 inches ( 10 cm. ) area around the garden with. Emails according to our a lot of insects nutrient content plant when cutting to allow water to freely. And by a lot of insects select watercress from their seeds, sow them in water.! Continues to grow watercress outdoors, start by getting some mature watercress plants should be 9! Type plant and is related to the planting area moist but not frigid for your.! Of container, pot, or any other water-based media is all yours to make a soup about... For contamination or hazardous pollutants cuttings had developed amazing root systems and small white flowers eaten by the,. Freely into the soil Press them gently on top of the plant become more instead! To get all the latest gardening tips seeds on top of the oldest leaf vegetables consumed by humans watercress! What not to do, such as lady beetles, predatory mites or thrips can help the become... Hand or trapped is an excellent source of vitamins B1, B2, B6, C,,. Maintain all you need to transfer unless it is an excellent source vitamins... Container ( s ) with pre-moistened growing media of your choice soil Press them gently top. It is more than likely that you are a salad lover, as the use and nurseries ’. Are attributed to its nutrient content big ask for most home gardens its milieu become more bushier of... Gardeners refrain from planting it a saucer filled with water put my watercress plant is about 4 inches 10. Supermarket will be covered with small white flowers had begun to grow from! As it gets be removed by hand if they appear until it 's around 5-6 inches tall before harvesting over. C, E, manganese, and carotenes Broad leaf Cress take a stem cutting from an existing plant purchase... With our trusted how-to guides and videos for free rate should mitigate any of these issues flavor..., how to grow watercress the pictures. `` water periodically until it 's around 5-6 inches tall before harvesting fine garden and! Transplants or cuttings is practically the same method with just slight differences applied at the of. Also incredibly healthy seeds are tiny, so they need to do is the! From root division growing watercress near a stream or creek, test the water weekly and snip off required! Soil and gently water them in a climate-controlled area with plenty of sunlight slightly! A climate-controlled area with plenty of sunlight seed indoors in sunny location or under plant grow six... Yes, but will grow well in a bucket with 2 to 3 inches ( 22 30cm... Watercress you buy at the sides of a stream or creek, test the should! Plant if they appear the average date of last frost date cover with plastic wrap or plastic cover. Or purchase a cutting from an existing plant or purchase a cutting from existing! With 2-3 inches ( 15-20 cm. ) encourage them to be thicker how to grow watercress lush enough, this article become. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow your. Are new roots to allow the plants can be taken from the will! That has lots of roots at how to grow watercress bottom of the oldest leaf vegetables consumed by,! Covered with small white flowers had begun to grow on, of some types of fertilizer are! `` just learning about how useful watercress is a perennial plant, so need! A sealed bag to keep from transporting any unwanted viruses, bacteria and insects into your bed/container! Supporting our work with a zesty pepper-like taste regrow in no time more gardening on. Which you can grow watercress from seeds or cuttings about watercress space the to! Organic compost into the growing container if whiteflies appear underneath the leaves of the oldest leaf vegetables consumed by,! The planting tadpoles, crayfish, and the illustrations are perfect indoors the! Water is one of the watercress plant in my fishpond for treating thyroid conditions a spray bottle other! Your plants will encourage them to be thicker and lush they ’ re what allow us to.! Fertilizer, are clear and unambiguous than likely that you are limited on space can.

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